Minimally invasive operations
The term minimally invasive surgery covers a wide variety of treatment options. A common feature of these treatments is that surgical method keeps trauma for the patient as low as possible. For example, laparoscopy (abdominal endoscopy using the keyhole technique) does not require a large incision. Robot-assisted surgery with the da Vinci system is a further development in the field of laparoscopic surgical techniques.
Endourology is a specific field of urology that focuses on minimally invasive procedures in the urinary tract, an area usually accessed through the natural opening of the urethra. With the assistance of miniaturised instruments and excellent optical systems, it is possible to treat stones in the ureter or kidney (URS), remove bladder tumours (TUR-B), or treat benign prostate enlargement (HoLEP or TURP). In the case of large kidney stones, after an ultrasound-guided puncture through the skin, a thin tube is gently pushed into the kidney and the stone is crushed by a laser (Mini-PCNL).